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Pimenta dioica

All spice

  Myrtaceae
 

 

Pimenta dioica , All spice

The spice or condiment, allspice, is made from the dried, unripe fruit of the allspice or pimento tree. This is a small tree with large 4-8 in ( cm) long leaves. These are leathery, evergreen, opposite, oblong, aromatic and quite attractive. The whitish gray bark peels in thin sheets. The white flowers are about a 0.25 in (0.6 cm) across and borne in many flowered pyramidal cymes originating from the leaf axils. The fruit is a brown berrylike drupe, about a 0.25 in (0.6 cm) long. The leaves and fruit smell like a combination of cloves, black pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon, hence the common name.
Location
Allspice is native to the West Indies, southern Mexico and Central America. Culture
Light: Full sun.
Moisture: Drought tolerant when established.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 10 -11 . May survive with protection in 9B. Established trees can tolerate temperatures down to 28F (-2.2C), but will be damaged at temperatures around 25F (-3.9C).
Usage
This is a slow growing, beautiful little tree and well worth growing in a container on a patio or, in tropical climates, in a shrub border. It may not flower and fruit outside its native range, but the big glossy aromatic leaves are an attraction.Propagation: By seed.

  

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