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Aquilaria agallocha Agarwood Thymelaeceae
Agarwood is a resinous wood that sometimes occurs in trees belonging to the Aquilaria genus, Thymelaeceae family. Aquilaria is a fast-growing, archaic tropical forest tree, which occurs in South and Southeast Asia, from the foothills of the Himalayas to the rainforests of Papua New Guinea. The tree grows in natural forests at an altitude of a few meters above sea level to about 1000 meters, and it grows best around 500 meters. It can grow on a wide range of soils, including poor sandy soil. Seedlings need a lot of shade and water. Trees grow very fast, and start producing flowers and seeds as early as four years old. At least fifteen species of Aquilaria trees are known to produce the much sought-after Agarwood. In South Asia Aquilaria achalloga is found, particularly in India, Aquilaria malaccensis is mostly known from Malaysia and Indonesia, and Aquilaria crassna principally grows in Indochina. A number of other species are known such as Aquilaria grandfolia, Aquilaria chinesis etc.

Scientific Name: Aquilaria agallocha
Country of Origin: India
Distillation Method: CO2 Extraction
Aloeswood/agarwood oil is obtained from the Aquilaria tree, an evergreen tree native to northern India, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam.
The aquilaria tree produces a resin when it responds to a natural parasite fungal or mold attack. The tree can also be deliberately wounded to make it more susceptible to a fungal attack, however this produces a inferior resin. The fungus and decomposition process generates a very rich and dark resin forming within the heartwood. This is a very slow process that can take several hundred years. That is why this oil is so rare and so expensive.
 

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