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Cordyline fruticosa Ti ngahere Hanjuang, Andong Liliaceae

Hanjuang, andong, Cordyline fruticosa, Ti ngahere

Hanjuang, andong, Cordyline fruticosa, Ti ngahere

This well known species probably originated somewhere in the vicinity of New Guinea but was long ago spread through the Pacific by Melanesians and Polynesians, who valued its starchy rhizomes as food.
It grows to at least 10 ft (3 m) high, forming quite a strong, branched trunk, but is more often seen as a 36 ft (1-1.8 m) shrub in gardens or as a house plant.
The thin, lance-shaped leaves are up to 30 in (75 cm) long and 6 in (15 cm) wide, clustered at the top of the stem.
The 12 in (30 cm) panicles of small, scented, white to dull mauve flowers are borne in summer and may be followed by crowded red berries.
The many colored and variegated foliage forms are favorite landscaping plants in the tropics; they vary also in leaf size and shape. Imperialis has dark green leaves streaked with pink and crimson.
Cultivation: Cordylines do well in rich, well-drained soil.
The narrower-leafed New Zealand species are the most sun hardy, and Cordyline australis tolerates salt spray near the ocean; the species with broader, thinner leaves like a sheltered position in part shade, though will tolerate full sun if humidity is high.
Most can be kept in pots or tubs for many years as indoor or patio plants.
Easily propagated from seed or stem cuttings.