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Lycopersicom
Tomato Tomat Solanaceae
 

Lycopersicom, Tomato, Tomat

 
Lycopersicom, Tomato, Tomat

This soft-stemmed, spreading plant up to 6 ft (1.8 m) high has strong-smelling, deeply lobed leaves and yellow flowers followed by soft succulent fruit.
The fruit are generally red or yellow and vary considerably in size and shape among the numerous cultivars.
At harvest time, vine-ripened fruit are definitely the best.
Among the most widely grown traditional red cultivars are Beefsteak, tall, with large rounded fruit, Grosse Lisse, very sweet with large, soft fruit, and Rouge de Marmande with large, ribbed fruit. Yellow Pear yields big crops of 2 in (5 cm), golden-yellow, pear-shaped fruit. Red Pear is similar except that the fruit are red. The elongated Roma tomatoes, popular in Italy, include Super Roma and Plumito. A novel group in gardens of the West are the eastern European black tomatoes, an example being Black Russian. Cherry tomatoes, sometimes designated by the name Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme, bear long decorative strings of cherry-size red, orange or yellow fruit.
Another small-fruited species L. pimpinellifolium is sometimes cultivated and has been used by plant breeders in recent years to introduce new genes to cherry tomatoes.
Cultivation: Tomatoes require a long, warm growing season.
Plant in fertile, well-drained soil .
Position stakes before planting and set plants about 24 in (60 cm) apart.
Keep soil moist but not too wet and feed regularly while fruit are developing.
A variety of pests and diseases attack tomatoes, and disease resistance is one of the main aims of breeders.

 

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