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Oryza sativa
Rice
Padi Graminae
 

Oryza sativa, Rice, Paddy, Padi

 
Oryza sativa, Rice, Paddy, Padi

Family:Gramineae .Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of abouOryza sativa, Rice, Paddy, Padit 20 species of aquatic or swamp-dwelling, annual or perennial grasses in this genus, occurring wild in warmer parts of Africa, Asia and Australia. They have loose panicles of compressed flowering spikelets that ripen to edible grains. The only species to have been domesticated, rice is thought to havebeen cultivated in China for about 5,000 years. Today, almost all of east Asia is wholly dependent upon rice as a staple food
Cultivation: Rice needs a long hot growing season and requires abundant water. The seeds are sown in nursery beds or trays and when about 6 in (15 cm) high they are transplanted in spring to a well-fertilized level plot or paddy which must be submerged under water about 2-4 in (5-10 cm) deep for a large part of the summer growing season. When the rice is ready to harvest, the water is drained from the field. For ornamental purposes, rice can be grown in pots that are submerged in shallow water in a sunny position near a water feature or pond.

 

Oryza sativa, Rice, Paddy, Padi

 

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