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Ananas    18 pages

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Acanthostachys
Aechmea
Aechmea Cultivar
Alcantarea
Ananas
Billbergia
Bromelia
Canistropsis
Canistrum
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Guzmania
Guzmania Cultivar
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Pitcairnia
Portea
Quesnelia
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Tillandsia
Tillandsia Cultivar
Vriesea
Vriesea Cultivar
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Miscellaneous
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Ananas comosus
Ananas comosus bracteatus
Ananas comosus erectifolius
Ananas comosus nanus
Ananas comosus parguazensis
Ananas comosus sagenarius
Ananas comosus 'Ivory Coast'
Ananas comosus " Golden Rocket"
xCrypt ananas
Ananas Negrita
Ananas valera
Ananas Smooth Cayenne
Ananas Sugarloaf
Ananas Mongo
Ananas Tricolor
Ananas variegatus
Ananas chocolat
Ananas bitter Chocolat
Ananas
comosus
Ananas comosus bracteatus Ananas comosus erectifolius Ananas comosus nanus
   
Ananas comosus parguazensis Ananas comosus sagenarius    
       
Cultivars
Ananas bitter Chocolat Ananas
chocolat
Ananas comosus Ivory Coast Ananas comosus
Golden Rocket
Ananas
Mongo
xCrypt ananas
Pink utopia
Ananas
Negrita
Ananas
Tricolor
Ananas Smooth Cayenne Ananas
Sugarloaf
Ananas
valera
Ananas
variegatus
       
 
The genus Ananas belongs to the Bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae). It is best known for the species Ananas comosus, the pineapple.

This genus originated in Mesoamerica and was brought to the Caribbean Islands by the Carib natives. The oldest register with the representation of the fruit seems to be included in the Cascajal Block, attributed to the Olmec civilization.

In 1493, Christopher Columbus first saw plants of this genus in Guadeloupe. It was brought to Europe, and from there was distributed to the Pacific Islands by the Spanish and the English. Commercial pineapple plantations were established in Hawaii, the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Florida and Cuba. The pineapple has become one of the world's most popular fruits.

The tough leaves grow in large rosettes, arising basally from a crown. These leaves are long and lanceolate with a serrate or thorny margin. The flowers, arising from the heart of the rosette, each have their own sepals. They grow into a compact head on a short, robust stalk. The sepals become fleshy and juicy and develop into the well-known complex form of the pseudo carp fruit, crowned by a rosette of leaves.

Ananas species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Batrachedra comosae, which feeds exclusively on A. comosus.

The word Ananas is derived from the Guarani name for the pineapple, via Portuguese. In many languages, pineapple is called "ananas".
Chemistry

Pineapples contain both bromelain and papain to which it owes its meat tenderizing properties.
Ethnobotanical Uses

The fruit and roots are used by some peoples as anti-inflammatory, proteolytic agent, and a root decoction for diarrhea.

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