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Bougainvillea Bougainvillea Bunga kertas Nyctaginaceae

Bougainvillea, Bunga kertas


Bougainvillea, Bougainville,  Bunga Kertas

Bougainvilleas are valued for their glorious, flamboyant display of blooms and their ability to cover a large area, of either ground or wall.
The genus consists of 14 species ranging through tropical and subtropical South America, but only 3 or 4 have been grown as ornamentals.
The numerous cultivars include a large range of different kinds and colors.
They are evergreen in the wet tropics, but their finest display is in the dry season though they may flower on and off all year.
The true flowers are tubular and rather insignificant, but the surrounding bracts are brilliantly colored, often changing color or shade as they age.
The plants are essentially scrambling shrubs, producing long canes armed with strong woody thorns that act as a grappling mechanism to aid climbing.
The simple, broad leaves are soft and usually finely hairy.
Cultivation: Only water when needed and do not over-fertilize, particularly with nitrogen, as this will produce luxuriant leaf growth but very little in the way of colorful bracts.
Bougainvilleas need strong support for vigorous growth, but can be controlled by pruning after flowering, when rampant plants can be ruthlessly cut back without harm.
Flowers appear on the new wood.
With regular heavy pruning, all bougainvilleas can be grown in large containers and kept to a height and width of about 3 ft (1 m) if desired.Propagate from cuttings