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Nephrolepis biserrata

Broad Swordfern

paku harupat Dryopteridaceae
Broad Swordfern, Macho Broad Sword Fern, Nephrolepis biserrata
Broad Swordfern, Macho Broad Sword Fern, Nephrolepis biserrata

Nephrolepis biserrata 'Macho'
Plant Common Name: Broad Swordfern, Macho Broad Sword Fern
General Description

Broad sword fern is a ground-dwelling or terrestrial fBroad Swordfern, Macho Broad Sword Fern, Nephrolepis biserrataern, native to Florida, Mexico, the West Indies, Central and South America. It spreads slowly by rhizomes (below ground stems) and stolons (above ground lateral stems). The leaf stems or petioles are covered with sparse to moderate, one-color, reddish to light brown hair-like scales. The fronds are evergreen, long, once-pinnate or feather like, the leaflets have margins which are finely double-toothed and are densely pubescent below. Macho fern has a compact form and the fronds tend to grow shorter and more upright than the arching or drooping frond of Nephrolepis biserrata. Broad sword fern reproduces by spores or is easily divided to form new plants. Broad sword fern has escaped cultivation and is an agricultural weed in some tropical areas.

Plant broad sword fern for the landscape in part sun to full shade in moist to well-drained soil. The more sun, the more moisture is required. They are frost sensitive and are killed to the ground by a few degrees of a freeze. However, they will return if the cold weather is not a prolonged freeze. Broad sword fern is easy to grow as a house plant, provide bright to moderate light and high humidity for best growth. Broad sword fern is a great choice for a shady groundcover, around pools, wet locations, natural areas and fern bars.


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