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Calanthe sylvatica Forest-Dwelling Calanthe


Forest-Dwelling Calanthe , Calanthe sylvatica


Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833 SECTION Calanthe Photo by © Dominique Karadioff

Part shade Cool TO Hot Spring and Summer

Common Name The Forest-Dwelling Calanthe - In China Chang Ju Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1 to 2" [2.5 to 5 cm]

Found in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sao Tome e Principe, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Comoros Islands, Madagascar and the Mascarenes, India, Myanamar, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Vietnam and southeastern China at elevations of 400 to 2700 meters in broadleafed, evergreen, humid primary forests in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses in humus and deep shade, as a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial with small, 2 to 4 noded, ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by basal leaf sheaths and carrying several, broad, elliptic-lanceolate, plicate, longitudinally ribbed, dark green, sulcate, softly pubescent, acuminate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that are narrowed below into a petiole that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, successively opening, 20 to 28" [50 to 70 cm] long, racemose, slightly pubescent, few to many flowered inflorescence.

Calanthe masuca is often cited as a synonym of this species and I have left its synonyms here as Calanthe sylvatica but you can refer to see Calanthe masuca and its cited synonyms. In the main index Calanthe masuca synonyms are shown as its synonyms but may actually be Calanthe sylvatica.

Synonyms Alismorchis centrosis (Thouars) Steud. 1840; Alismorchis emarginata [Bl] Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis masuca (D.Don) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis natalensis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891 ; Alismorkis plantaginea (Thouars) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 -; Alismorkis textori (Miq.) Kuntze 1891; Amblyglottis emarginata Blume 1825; Bletia masuca D. Don 1825; Bletia sylvatica (Thouars) Bojer 1837; Calanthe albolongicalcarata S.S.Ying 1974; Calanthe candida Bosser 1989; Calanthe corymbosa Lindl. 1862; Calanthe curtisii Rchb.f. 1884; Calanthe delphinioides Kraenzl. 1893; Calanthe emarginata [Bl] Lindl. 1833; Calanthe furcata f. masuca (D.Don) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe furcata f. textori (Miq.) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe humbertii H.Perrier 1955; Calanthe longicalcarata Hayata ex Yamam. 1930; Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. 1833; Calanthe masuca Thwaites 1884; Calanthe masuca f. albiflora (Ida) K.Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe masuca var. purpurea (Lindl.) Rao & S.R.Rathore 1984; Calanthe natalensis (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1856; Calanthe neglecta Schltr. 1915; Calanthe okinawensis f. albiflora Ida 1969; Calanthe purpurea Lindl. 1833; Calanthe sanderiana Rolfe 1892; Calanthe schliebenii Mansf. 1933; Calanthe seikooensis Yamam. 1931; Calanthe stolzii Schltr. 1915; Calanthe sylvatica var. geerinckiana Stévart 2000; Calanthe sylvatica var. natalensis Rchb.f. 1846 ; Calanthe textori Miq. 1866; Calanthe sylvatica var. pallidipetala Schltr 1924; Calanthe sylvestris Lindl. ex Steud. 1840; Calanthe textori f. albiflora (Ida) Hatus 1971; Calanthe textori var. longicalcarata (Hayata ex Yamam.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974; Calanthe versicolor Lindl. 1871; Calanthe violacea Rolfe 1913; Calanthe volkensii Rolfe 1897; Calanthe wightii Rchb.f. 1864; Centrosis corymbosa Thouars 1822; *Centrosis sylvatica Thouars 1852; Zoduba masuca (D.Don) Buch.-Ham. 1825