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Calanthe tricarinata Three Keeled Calanthe


Three Keeled Calanthe , Calanthe tricarinata


Calanthe tricarinata Lindl. 1833 SECTION CalanthePhoto courtesy of Natsui from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page

Part shade Cool To Cold Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Three Keeled Calanthe - In China San Leng Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .8 to 1.4" [2 to 3.5 cm]

Found in Pakistan, western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanamar, Southern China, Taiwan, Korea, Ryukyu Islands and Japan on damp grassy banks in mixed forests, in clumps on downed, rotting tree trunks in open forests, on steep open grassy slopes and in bamboo scrub at elevations of 1500 to 3300 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with short, ovoid pseudobulbs carrying [2 to 3] several, basally sheath clasping, plicate, elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, acute, petiolate or sessile base leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 12 to 20" [30 to 50 cm] long, densely several [8 to 12] flowered, shortly pubescent inflorescence arising on a newly developing pseudobulb with lanceolate bracts that cover half of the pubescent ovary

Synonyms Alismorchis tricarinata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe lamellata Hayata 1914; Calanthe occidentalis Lindl. 1855; Calanthe pantlingii Schltr. 1919; Calanthe torifera Schltr. 1919; Calanthe undulata Schltr. 1912; Paracalanthe lamellata (Hayata) Kudô 1930; Paracalanthe torifera (Schltr.) Kudô 1930; Paracalanthe tricarinata (Lindl.) Kudô 1930