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Cattleya violacea Violet Cattleya


Violet Cattleya , Cattleya violacea


Cattleya violacea (HBK) Rolfe 1889

Common Name Violet Cattleya

Flower Size 5" [13 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador at elevations of 200 to 700 meters in exposed locations on trees near rivers in low, hot, wet tropical forests as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing, ascending, bifoliate epiphyte with clavate, slightly compressed, elongate pseudobulbs that are sulcate with age and covered basally with close scarious, nonfoliaceous sheaths that are soon evanescent that blooms in late spring and early summer on a terminal, 3 to 4" [8 cm] long, erect or semi-erect, stout, reddish, few to several [3 to 7] flowered, racemose inflorescence subtended by 1 or 2 basal sheaths with a terete peduncle and fragrant, long-lived flowers that open very flat, all arising on a newly formed pseudobulb. This species is best grown without any rest and is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms Cattleya schomburgkii Lodd. ex Lindl. 1838; Cattleya superba R.H. Schomb. ex Lindl. 1838; Cattleya superba var. alba Rolfe 1890; Cattleya superba var. ashworthii auct. 1895; Cattleya superba var. splendens Lem. 1869; Cattleya superba var. wellsiana auct. 1894; Cattleya violacea f. alba (Rolfe) Christenson 1996; Cattleya violacea var. alba (Rolfe) Fowlie 1977; Cattleya violacea var. ashworthii (auct.) Braem 1984; Cattleya violacea var. splendens (Lem.) Fowlie 1977; Cattleya violacea var. wellsiana (auct.) Braem 1984; *Cymbidium violaceum Kunth 1816; Epidendrum superbum (R.H. Schomb. ex Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862; Epidendrum violaceum (Kunth) Rchb. f. 1861