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Encyclia cochleata Cockle Shell Anacheilium


Cockle Shell Anacheilium, Encyclia cochleata


Encyclia cochleata

Part sun, Warm To Hot, Winter Spring Summer and Fall

Common Name Clamshell or Cockle Shell Anacheilium - Octopus Orchid - In Cuba Orquedea negra

Flower Size to 3 1/2" [to 8.75 cm]

The 'cockleshell orchid' has upside down flowers with smooth, ovoid to oblong-elliptic, compressed pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by several, imbricate, scarious sheaths with 2 to 3, apical, elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below, basally clasping leaves and can bloom for 6 months starting in the spring with an apical, erect, short to 15" [to 37.5 cm], few to many flowered, racemose inflorescence with a basal sheath that has successive opening, non-fragrant flowers. They originate from Florida, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Leewards, Puerto Rica, Windwards, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela and Colombia as a medium sized epiphyte found in dense tropical evergreen, deciduous and oak forests at altitudes up to 1900 meters that grow warm and require even water and fertilizer throughout the year. People have been known to eat the cooked psuedobulbs.

Synonyms Aulizeum cochleatum [L.] Lindley 1892; Encyclia cochleata [L.] Lemee 1955; Encyclia lancifolia (Pav. ex Lindl.) Dressler & G.E. Pollard 1971 *Epidendrum cochleatum L. 1763; Epidendrum cochleatum var. costaricense Schltr. 1923; Epidendrum cochleatum var. pallidum Lindl.; Epidendrum lancifolium Pav. ex Lindl. 1853; Hormidium cochleatum [L.] Breiger 1977; Phaedrosanthus cochleatus O.Ktze. 1904; Prosthechea cochleata (L.) W. E. Higgins 1997