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Paphiopedilum purpuratum Purple Paphiopedilum


Purple Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum purpuratum



Paphiopedilum purpuratum [Lindley] Stein 1894  SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Planipetalum Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Common Name The Purple Paphiopedilum - In China Zi Wen Dou Lan

Flower Size 3 to 4" [7.5 to 10 cm]

This small sized, warm to cool growing, herbaceous terrestrial, humus epiphytic species or lithopyhte on steep limestone cliff faces in deep shade that has 4 to 8, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, mottled light and dark green above, pale green below leaves that are unequally trilobed apically and is found around Hong Kong in SE China and Vietnam in leaf litter among the roots of bamboo and between rocks at elevations of 1200 to 1600 meters on north and NW facing wooded slopes near streams where it blooms with an erect, terminal, slender, one to rarely 2 flowered, 5 to 8" [12.5 to 20 cm] long, purple with white pubescent inflorescence with a narrowly ovate-elliptic, acuminate floral bract with white pubescence occuring in the summer and early fall.

Synonyms Cordula purpurata [Lindley] Rolfe 1912; *Cypripedium purpuratum Lindley 1837; Cypripedium sinicum Hance ex Rchb.f 1853; Menephora bicolor Raf. 1836; Paphiopedilum aestivum Liu & Zhang 2001; Paphiopedilum purpuratum var hainanense Liu & Perner 2001; Paphiopedilum sinicum [Hance ex Rchb.f] Stein 1892