Endemic to the islands of southern Japan, this palm-like species is
a popular ornamental plant in Japan.
It grows slowly with short, single or multiple trunks to 10 ft (3 m)
high with a compact crown of stiff pinnate leaves that have closely
crowded, very narrow, spine-tipped leaflets.
It is the most widely cultivated cycad in the world and is valued as
a landscape subject, especially suited to courtyards and plazas.
Slow growing, it is capable of living for 50 to 100 years or even
more and is readily transplanted.
Cultivation: They like sunny positions but with some shade in the
younger stages, and deep, well-drained soil.
Propagation is from seed, detached offsets, or by cutting off a
whole trunk and plunging the base in a trench filled with gravel and