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Arthocarpus heterophyllis Jackfruit Nanka Moraceae
 

Arthocarpus heterophyllis, Jackfruit, Nangka

 

Arthocarpus heterophyllis, Jackfruit, NangkaThis Southeast Asian species is easily confused with its close relative the chempedak (Artocarpus integer).
Both have similar gigantic, compound fruit and leathery, unlobed leaves, but the chempedakÕs fruit are slightly sweeter.
The jackfruit tree grows to 30 ft (9 m) tall with a single main trunk and dense, rounded crown of dark green leaves.
The fruit may be up to 24 in (60 cm) long and weigh up to 40 lb (18 kg).
Their outer surface is creamy brown with crowded small, conical protuberances, and the sticky yellow or pink flesh contains many large brown seeds which are edible, as is the sweet though malodorous flesh.
Cultivation: Edible-fruited species are cultivated in the wet tropics, thriving best in deep, fertile, well-drained soil in sheltered positions.
Propagation is from seed, or more commonly from root cuttings or aerial layers (marcotts), which perpetuate desirable clones.

  

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