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Chrysobalanus icaco cocoplum   Chrysobalanaceae
 

cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco

 
cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco

Chrysobalanus icaco, the cocoplum and icaco , is found near sea beaches and inland throughout the tropical Americas and the Caribbean, including Cuba, southern Florida, and the Bahamas. The inland subspecies is Chrysobalanus icaco pellocarpus.
Description

Chrysobalanus icaco is a shrub 13 metres (3.39.8 ft), or bushy tree 26 metres (6.620 ft) , rarely to 10 metres (33 ft). It has evergreen broad-oval to nearly round somewhat leathery leaves (3 to 10 cm long and 2.5 to 7 cm wide). Leaf colors range from green to light red. The bark is greyish or reddish brown, with white specks.

The flowers are small, white, in clusters, appearing in late spring. In late summer it bears fruit in clusters, that of the coastal form being round, up to 5 cm in diameter, pale-yellow with rose blush or dark-purple in color, while that of the inland form is oval, up to 2.5 cm long, and dark-purple.

The coastal form is highly tolerant of salt, so it is often planted to stabilize beach edges and prevent erosion.

Chrysobalanus icaco is also planted as an ornamental shrub. The tree is unable to survive a hard frost. The fruit is edible and is used for jam.

     
cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco

 

  

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