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Physalis peruviana golden berry Ceplukan peru Solanaceae
 

golden berry, Physalis peruviana, Ceplukan peru

 

golden berry, Physalis peruviana, Ceplukan peru

Physalis peruviana, known in English as golden berry (South Africa), physalis, Inca berry, cape gooseberry, giant ground cherry, Peruvian groundcherry, Peruvian cherry (U.S.), poha (Hawaii), ras bhari (India), aguaymanto (Peru), uvilla (Ecuador), uchuva (Colombia) and physalis. It is indigenous to South America but was cultivated in South Africa in the region of the Cape of Good Hope during the 19th century, imparting the common name, "cape gooseberry".

As a member of the plant family Solanaceae, it is related to a large number of edible plants, including tomato, eggplant and potato, and other members of the nightshades. It is closely related to the tomatillo but not to the cherry, Ribes gooseberry, Indian gooseberry or Chinese gooseberry, as its various names might suggest.

The fruit is a small round berry about the size of a marble with numerous small yellow seeds. It is bright yellow and sweet when ripe, making it ideal for snacks, pies or jams. It is popular in fruit salads, sometimes combined with avocado.

Its most notable feature is the single papery pod covering each berry. Because of the fruit's decorative appearance, it is sometimes used in restaurants as an exotic garnish for desserts. If the fruit is left inside the husks, its shelf life at room temperature is over 30ľ45 days.
Geographic and cultivation origins

Native to high altitude tropical Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru where the fruits grow wild, physalis are casually eaten and occasionally sold in markets. Only recently has the plant become an important crop; it has been widely introduced into cultivation in other tropical, subtropical and even temperate areas.

The plant was grown by early settlers of the Cape of Good Hope before 1807. In South Africa it is commercially cultivated; canned fruits and jam are staple commodities, often exported. It is also cultivated and naturalized on a small scale in Gabon and other parts of Central Africa.

Soon after its adoption in the Cape of Good Hope (presumably the origin of the name 'Cape gooseberry'), it was carried to Australia, where it was one of the few fresh fruits of the early settlers in New South Wales. It is also favored in New Zealand where it is said that "the housewife is sometimes embarrassed by the quantity of berries in the garden", and government agencies promote increased culinary use. It is also grown in India, and is called Rasbhari  in Hindi.

The Cape gooseberry is also grown in North Eastern China, namely Heilongjiang province. A seasonal fruit harvested in late August through September. In Chinese pinyin, the fruit is informally referred to as "gu niao" ,Turkish name is altın šilek and the scientific name is Physalis pubescens L or in Chinese pinyin "mao suan jiang" .

It has been widely grown in Egypt for at least half a century and is known locally as ""harankash"" حرنكش, a word of obscure origin, or as is-sitt il-mistaHiya الست المستحية (the shy woman), a reference to the papery sheath. It makes an excellent crumble, substituting harankash for apples, for example.
[edit] Medical research, folk medicine and potential health value

Scientific studies of the cape gooseberry show its constituents, possibly polyphenols and/or carotenoids, demonstrate anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

The crude extract of the fruit bearing plant, has demonstrated anti-hepatoma and anti-inflammatory activities.Antioxidant antidiabetes and antihypertension in vitro?

In folk medicine, Physalis peruviana has been used as a medicinal herb for cancer, leukemia, malaria, asthma, hepatitis, dermatitis and rheumatism.None of these diseases, however, is yet confirmed in human clinical in vivo studies as treatable by the cape gooseberry.
[edit] Pests and diseases

     
golden berry, Physalis peruviana, Ceplukan peru golden berry, Physalis peruviana, Ceplukan peru golden berry, Physalis peruviana, Ceplukan peru

 

  

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