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Spondias mombin hog plum   Anacardiaceae

hog plum, Spondias mombin

hog plum, Spondias mombin

Spondias mombin is a tree, a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae. It is native to the tropical Americas, including the West Indies. The tree has been naturalized in parts of Africa, India and Indonesia. It is rarely cultivated.

The great fruit has a leathery skin and a thin layer of pulp. The pulp is either eaten fresh, or made into juice, concentrate, jellies , and sherbets. In Suriname's traditional medicine, the infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment of eye inflammation, diarrhea and venereal diseases. The seed has an oil content of 31.5%.
Use in Medicine

The fruit-juice is used as a febrifuge and diuretic. The roots are well-known febrifuge on the Iv. Coast, being sometimes used with elaves of Ximenia, Premna hispida, Ficus sp., and Alchornea. They are pulped, boiled in water, and drunk, or used as a lotion or for baths. The bark is used as a purgative and in local applications for leprosy (Kerharo and Bouquet). The bark decoction is used for severe cough, causing relief through vomiting. The dry pulverized bark is applied as a dressing to the circumcision wound. The bark contains a certain amount of tannin. A decoction of the mashed leaves is used by the Ibos (Nigeria) for washing a swollen face. The leaves, ground with sugar, are rubbed on the mouth and gums. A leaf infusion is a common cough remedy or used as a laxative for fever with constipation. A leaf decoction is used for gonorroea. The leaves with the leaves of Vitex cuneata and Terminaliia avicennoides, are used on the Iv. Coast for fresh wounds preventing inflammation. All these leaves are used for leprosy. Crushed with lemon they are effective for worms in children. With Alchornea leaves and lemon a gargle is made from the leaves. They are crushed to obtain the juice. A decoction of pounded leaves is used as an eye lotion and the juice pressed from young, warm leaves is given to children for stomach troubles. The young leaves are used as an infusion taken internally or as a warm astringent lotion by women in confinement in Sierra Leone, Sudan. In the Congo the young leaves pounded to a frothy pulp are used as a bed for paralytics, who are then massaged with them to the accompaninent of incantations

It has several common names. Throughout the Spanish-speaking Caribbean and Mexico it is called jobo (derived from the Carib language ). Among the English-speaking Caribbean islands it is known as yellow mombin or hog plum, while in Jamaica it is called Spanish plum, gully plum or coolie plum. In Ghana, it is hog plum or Ashanti plum. In Nigeria, the fruit is called Iyeye in the Yoruba language, ngulungwu in Igbo and isada in Hausa. Other common names include true yellow mombin, golden apple or Java plum, cajŠ in Brazil. In Assamese it is called Omora. Similarly in Bengali, it is called Amra. In Thai it is called makawk (มะกอก). In Surinam the fruit is called Mope.
Plant Description

A small deciduous tree up to 60 ft. high and 5 ft. in girth, moderately buttressed; bark thick, corky, deeply fissured, slash pale pink, darkening rapidly, branches low, branchlets glabrous; leaves pinnate, leaflets 5-8 opposite pairs with a terminal leaflet, 4 X 2 in., oblong or oblong lanceolate, broadly acuminate, glabrous; flowers (Jan.-May) sweet-scented, in large, lax terminal panicles of small white flowers; fruits (July-Sept.) nearly 1.5 in. long, ovoid yellow, acid, wrinkled when dry; 1 seed.

The fruits have a sharp, somewhat acid taste and are edible.

hog plum, Spondias mombin hog plum, Spondias mombin hog plum, Spondias mombin