Home | Garden Plants | Herbs_and_Spices | Medical plants | Aromatic Plants | Tropical Coast Shores | Site Map | Links

Up

Bouea macrophylla marian plum Gandaria Anacardiaceae
 

marian plum, gandaria, plum mango. ma-praang , ma-yong , ramania , gandaria , mayun-thee,  kundang, rembunia, setar , Bouea macrophylla

 
marian plum, gandaria, plum mango. ma-praang , ma-yong , ramania , gandaria , mayun-thee,  kundang, rembunia, setar , Bouea macrophylla

Bouea macrophylla (Bouea macrophylla Griff) is a tropical fruit tree native to Southeast Asia. The tree belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, and is related to the mango.
Description

The evergreen tree grows to height of 25 meters. Its leaves are lanceolate to elliptic in shape (see: Leaf shape), and range from 13 to 45 cm (5 to 17 inches) long and from 5 to 7 cm (2 to 3 inches) wide.

The fruit (resembling a mango) are green in colour and mature to an orange/yellow. They grow to roughly 2 to 5 cm (0.7 to 1.9 inches) in diameter. The entire fruit, including its single seed, is edible. The fruit range from sweet to sour in flavour, and have a light smell of turpentine.

Flowering and fruiting times differ for Thailand and Indonesia.

Thailand : flowers in November to December, and fruit appears from April to May.
Indonesia : flowers in June to November, and fruit appears from March to June.

Distribution

The tree is native to Malaysia, West Java, Burma and North Sumatra. It is also found in Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia, where it is commercially grown.

It is not usually found above an altitude of 305 meters (1000 ft), but has been cultivated at altitudes of about 850 meters (2789 ft).

Uses
Consumption marian plum, gandaria, plum mango. ma-praang , ma-yong , ramania , gandaria , mayun-thee,  kundang, rembunia, setar , Bouea macrophylla

Both the leaves and fruit from the tree can be eaten. The leaves can be eaten raw when they are still young, and can be used in salads. While the seed is edible, the endosperm is generally bitter. Fruit can be eaten raw, or made into dishes such as pickle, compote, or sambal. Unripened fruit can be used to make rojak and asinan.
Functional

The entire tree can be used as an ornamental fruit bearing shade tree due to its dense foliage.
Other names

Bouea macrophylla is commonly known in English as the marian plum, gandaria, and plum mango. It is also known as ma-praang and ma-yong (Thailand), ramania and gandaria (Indonesia), mayun-thee (Burma), and kundang, rembunia, and setar (Malaysia).

     
     

 

  

 mailto:info@tropicalplantbook.com