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Eugenia brasiliensis grumichama   Myrthaceae
 

 Brazilian cherry, grumichama, Brazilian cherry Portuguese: grumixama  grumichama, grumichana,  cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil Eugenia brasiliensis

 

grumichama, Brazilian cherry, grumichama, Brazilian cherry Portuguese: grumixama  grumichama, grumichana,  cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil Eugenia brasiliensis

The grumichama , Brazilian cherry (Eugenia brasiliensis, syn. Eugenia dombeyi) is medium sized tree (maximum tteters height) endemic to Brazil which bears small fruits that are purple to black in color, and have a sweet cherry-like flavor. Its wood is used in carpentry, woodworking and turnery. Its small size favors its use in urban landscaping. Its slow growth and low rate of dispersion make it rare, and it's generally considered as an endangered species

Common Names
English: grumichama, Brazilian cherry
Portuguese: grumixama Brazilian cherry, grumichama, Brazilian cherry Portuguese: grumixama  grumichama, grumichana,  cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil Eugenia brasiliensis
Spanish: grumichama, grumichana
French: cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil

Origin and Distribution

The grumichama is native to southeastern Brazil. It is cultivated sporadically throughout the tropics and subtropics.

Botanical Synonyms

Eugenia dombeyi, E. filipes, Myrtus dombeyi and Stenocalyx brasiliensis.

Description

Large shrub to small tree, reaching 18-40 feet (5.5-12 m). Leaves opposite, 3-5 inches (7.6-13 cm) long, glossy and oval to elliptic. Perfect axillary flowers, solitary or in groups of two or three. Fruits round, purple, red or yellow, with a long peduncle, around 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, juicy and sweet. Fruits contain one or two seeds.

Fruits of purple and yellow grumichama (Eugenia brasiliensis)

Propagation and Culture

Grumichama is propagated by seed and grafting. Seeds germinate in about 30 days. The plants prefer soil with abundant organic matter and a pH of 5.5-6.5. It grows well in full sun to partial shade. Plants are reportedly hardy to 28 F (-2 C). Begins fruiting at 4-5 years from seed. In Puerto Rico, flowering occurs from February to May, and fruiting from March to June.

Cultivars and Related Species

There are no named cultivars of grumichama, but there are three types: purple, red and yellow. There are approximately 40 Eugenia species with edible fruits.

Uses

Brazilian cherry, grumichama, Brazilian cherry Portuguese: grumixama  grumichama, grumichana,  cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil Eugenia brasiliensisGrumichama fruits are delicious fresh, and are also used to make juices, wines, jams and jellies. The tree is a beautiful ornamental.

Nutritional composition per 100 g grumichama fruit
Carbohydrate 13.4 g
Fat 0.3 g
Protein 0.1-0.6 g
Calcium 39.5 mg
Phosphorous 13.6 mg
Iron 0.5 mg
Vitamin A 67 IU
Vitamin B1 0.04 mg
Vitamin B2 0.03 mg
Niacin 0.34 mg
Vitamin C 19 mg

     
     

 

  

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