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Garcinia Magnifolia Giant Leaf Madrono   Clusiaceae

Giant Leaf Madrono, Charichuela, Garcinia Magnifolia

Giant Leaf Madrono, Charichuela, Garcinia Magnifolia

Garcinia Magnifolia
(Giant Leaf Madrono)
Other Names: Charichuela,

Related To: [Clusiaceae] Mangosteen, Imbe, Mameyito

Main Uses: Fruit, Ornamental

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate. Grows "exponentially;" the bigger it is, the faster it grows.

Mature Height/Spread: Small understory tree, to 20'

Flowering/Pollination: Self-fertile flowers are born in clusters on wood that is at least 2 years old.

Tolerance: No salt tolerance. Moderate drought tolerance.

Soil/Nutrition: Tree is adaptable to many soil types, but on neutral, deficient, or alkaline soils, like many American garcinia species it may suffer from iron defiency. Micronutrient supplements both in the soil and as a foliar spray are highly recommended to keep all garcinias growing happily and constantly, under cultivation.

Light: Part shade to full sun. Can grow in full shade, but fruiting will be limited.

Wind: Small, sturdy tree.

Temperature: Tropical, to warm subtropics. Will survve brief frosts; mature trees survive short 27-28 F degree drops without much harm. Young trees will be killed by temperatures below freezing, requiring juvenile protection from cold.

Dangers: None.

Diseases Prone:

Bearing Age: 5-7 years from seed. Trees are not as prolific as other closely related garcinia species, with mature trees bearing perhaps 200 fruit in a good year.

Fruit: The fruit wall is firm, about 1/4" inch thick, and inedible, containing a stick yellow latex. Inside are seeded segments surrounded, edible whitish flesh of an agreeable sub-acid to sour flavor. Fruits occur twice a year, in the spring and fall.

History/Origin: Native throughout the Amazon basin in South America.

Species Observations:

Propogation: Exclusively by seeds, which must be planted soon after harvest and not allowed to dry out. Seeds can be slow to germinate, sometimes taking 3 weeks.

Container Culture: Like many garcinia species of small stature, it is possible to grow this species in 15 to 25 gallon containers.

Medicinal Uses:

Nutritional Information:

Preparation / Food: Fruits are eaten fresh. Rind is scored around the equator, with care to to get the bitter sap on the edible portion, and the segmented flesh is eaten.