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Litsea garciae Enkala Kangkala Lauraceae
 

Kangkala, Medang, Pangalaban, Ta'ang., Litsea garciae

 

Kangkala, Medang, Pangalaban, Ta'ang., Litsea garciae

Litsea graciaeKangkala, Medang, Pangalaban, Ta'ang., Litsea garciae
Family: Lauraceae
Engkala, Pong Labon
Origin: Indonesia
small tree t full sun, semi-shade, regular water, edible, ultra tropical, min. temp. 55F

Bengali - rare exotic fruit tree. Small fruit, with pink to purple skin and excellent delicate, avocado-like flavor. The fruits are little known, but reputedly well-liked by those who have had the chance to try them. Eaten fresh or used to prepare foods. The fruit can be used in the same way as the avocado. Litsea seeds contain fats that are used in the production of soaps and candles. The tree comes from Sarawak and South-west Sabah where it can be seen growing along riverbanks and scattered near villages. The foliage looks somewhat like that of the avocado, however the leaves are longer and droop more gracefully. There have been attempts to cultivate the engkala in Java. The round fruits (35 to 45 mm in diameter), flattened top and bottom, have thin, edible bright pink skins. Medium to thick flesh surrounds the single, avocado-like seed (1"). It is creamy-white and similar to avocado, but softer with a more delicate flavor. The fruit is prepared by rolling it around a basket, or hitting it with the back of a spoon. The seeds are a source of fat and are used to manufacture candles and soap. The engkala grows rapidly and tolerates high light levels if well watered.

Description
Sub-canopy tree up to 26 m tall and 49 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, silvery shiny when young, glabrous. Flowers ca. 15 mm diameter, white-yellow, placed in racemes. Fruits ca. 24 mm diameter, white-yellow, fleshy drupes placed on enlarged flower base (cupule).

Ecology
On disturbed, open sites in mixed dipterocarp forests up to 200 m altitude. Often along rivers or on hillsides with sandy to clay soils. Also commonly cultivated.

Uses
The wood is used. Lightly burned bark used to cure caterpillar stings. Fruits are edible. Oil is extracted from the seeds.

Distribution
Taiwan, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (throughout the island), Philippines, Celebes.

Local names in Borneo
Kangkala, Medang, Pangalaban, Ta'ang.

Small fruit, only 1-1.5" across, with pink to purple skin that is said to have an exKangkala, Medang, Pangalaban, Ta'ang., Litsea garciaecellent delicate, avocado-like flavor. The fruits are little known, but reputedly well-liked by those who have had the chance to try them.

Description: Tropical tree which loves water and is often found growing near rivers and streams.

Propagation: By seeds.

Uses: Eaten fresh or used to prepare foods. The fruit can be used in the same way as the avocado. Litsea seeds contain fats that are used in the production of soaps and candles.

Native Range: Native to the Sarawak and Sabah regions of Borneo, in Malaysia and Indonesia.

     

 

 

 

 

  

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