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Oroxylum indicum Broken bones plant Bungli Bignoniaceae
 

Broken bones plant, bungli, Oroxylum indicum

 

Broken bones plant, bungli, Oroxylum indicum

Oroxylum indicum is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Bignoniaceae.

vernacular names
English : Broken bones plant, Indian calosanthes, Indian Trumpet, Indian trumpet flower, midnight horror,[3] oroxylum, tree of Damocles
Chinese : 木蝴蝶 (hanyu pinyin : m hdi, butterfly tree)
Bengali : সোনা sona
Hindi : भूत वृक्ष bhut-vriksha, दीर्घवृन्त dirghavrinta, कुटन्नट kutannat, मण्डूक manduk (the flower), पत्रोर्ण patrorna, पूतिवृक्ष putivriksha, शल्लक shallaka, शूरण shuran, सोन or शोण son, वटुक vatuk
Kannada : ತಟ್ಟುನ tattuna
Konkani : davamadak
Nepalese : टटेलों tatelo
Malayalam : പലകപയ്യാനി palaqapayyani, വാശ്പ്പാതിരി vashrppathiri, വെള്ളപ്പാതിരി vellappathiri
Marathi : टायिटू tayitu, टेटु tetu
Sanskrit : अरलु aralu, श्योनक shyonaka
Singhala (Sri Lanka) : Totila,[4] Thotila[5]
Tamil : சொரிகொன்றை cori-konnai, பாலையுடைச்சி palai-y-utaicci, பூதபுஷ்பம் puta-puspam (the flower)
Telugu : మండూకపర్ణము manduka-parnamu, పంపెన pampena, శూకనాసము suka-nasamu, తుందిలము
Thai: เพกา (Pheka)
other common name : kampong.

Description

It is a tree which can reach a height of 12 m (40 ft). The large leaf stalks wither and fall off the tree and collect near the base of the trunk, appearing to look like a pile of broken limb bones. The tree is a night-bloomer and flowers are adapted to natural pollination by bats. They form enormous seed pods that hang down from bare branches. Those long fruits curve downward and resemble the wings of a large bird or dangling sickles or swords in the night.
The seeds are round with papery wings.
Distribution

Oroxylum indicum is native to the Indian subcontinent, in the Himalayan foothills with a part extending to Bhutan and southern China, in Indo-China and the Malesia ecozone.
It is visible in the forest biome of Manas National Park in Assam, India. It is also reported from Sri Lanka (Ceylon).
Ecology

Oroxylum indicum lives in relationship with the actinomycete Pseudonocardia oroxyli present in the soil surrounding the roots.
Uses

The tree is often grown as an ornamental for its strange appearance. Materials used include the wood, tannins and dyestuffs.
It is also a plant with edible leaves and stems.
In traditional medicines

The Oroxylum indicum seed is used in the traditional Indian ayurvedic medicine. The root bark is also used, administered as astringent, bitter tonic, stomachic and anodyne. It is included in famous tonic formulations, such as Chyawanprash.
The bark of O. indicum (Chinese : 木蝴蝶树皮, hanyu pinyin : m hdi shp) or Cortex Oroxyli is a traditional Chinese medicine ingredient.

The bark of O. indicum (Singhala / Sri Lanka: Totila, Totilla) is one of main ingredients in Sri Lankan indigenous medicine (in decoctions) as a remedy for pains in joints or rheumatism.
Pharmacology

The leaf contains chrysin and baicalein. Tetuin, the 6-glucoside of baicalein, is reported in the seeds. Other flavonoids, known for their anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy effects, are also present, though it may need to be used in high doses to get a response. Oroxindin has also been isolated from Oroxylum indicum whereas oroxylin A is reported in the root bark

     
     

 

  

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