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Pouteria campechiana Canistel   Saptaceae

Canistel, Pouteria campechiana


Canistel, Pouteria campechiana

Pouteria campechiana
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The canistel (Pouteria campechiana) is an evergreen tree native to southern Mexico and Central America. It is cultivated in other countries, such as Brazil, Taiwan, and Vietnam for its fruit. Its binomial name is derived from the Mexican town of Campeche, where it is native. It is sometimes (wrongly) referred to as Lucuma campechiana. In the Philippines it is called chesa.

The canistel grows up to 10 meters (33 ft) high, and produces orange-yellow fruit, also called yellow sapote, up to 7 centimeters (2.8 in) long, which are edible raw. Canistel flesh is sweet, with a texture often compared to that of a cooked egg yolk, hence its colloquial name of "eggfruit." It is closely related to the Mamey sapote and abiu.
[edit] Etymology

The plant's name in the Vietnamese language is cây trứng gŕ (“chicken egg” plant) because of the fruit's appearance. It also has the Vietnamese name lekima. This is very unusual because Vietnamese is a tonal language which uses predominantly monosyllabic words. It appears that this name derives from the word lucuma. The unusual name "Lekima" has been included in the list of typhoon names, and was applied to a storm that devastated north-central Vietnam and killed from 42 to 55 people in Vietnam on 10 March 2007.

A glowing yellow, waxy skinned fruit with a pulp that has the consistency of a hard-boiled egg yolk. Highly favored in the tropics, the canistel is rarely grown in the United States. Fruits can be highly variable in size and shape--ranging from round to pointed and ovaloid.

Description: A mid-sized tree, usually 20-40ft, but up to 100ft. Leaves are slender, glossy, and sharply tapered at the base. Branches contain a gummy latex. Seedling trees produce in 3-6 years, grafted or air layered trees a year or two earlier. Fruiting generally occurs during the winter months and on into spring.

Hardiness: Primarily tropical. Grows quite well in Florida and is frost tolerant. Grows outdoors in Southern California, but fruit production is low.

Growing Environment: Tolerant of a wide variety of soils, and can grow in poor soil. Grow in part-shade or full sun. Water regularly.

Propagation: Propagation is by seeds, grafting and air-layering. Seeds loose viability within a few days and will usually sprout within a few weeks.

Uses: Eaten fresh out of hand. Sometimes used in custards, pies, milkshakes and other desserts.

Native Range: Native to Southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador. Cultivated in Florida, Central America and throughout the West Indies.

Canistel, Pouteria campechiana Canistel, Pouteria campechiana Canistel, Pouteria campechiana