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Pouteria Viridis Green Sapote   Sapotaceae

 Sapote Verde, Injerto, Yash-tul, Pouteria Viridis


 Sapote Verde, Injerto, Yash-tul, Pouteria Viridis

Pouteria Viridis
(Green Sapote)
Other Names: Sapote Verde, Injerto, Yash-tul

Green sapotes ripen to have a similar colored flesh as the mamey sapote.
The leaves are similar, but not identical to the mamey sapote.
Related To: [Sapotaceae] Mamey Sapote, Lucuma, Canistel

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate.

Mature Height/Spread: Capable of reaching 40' though usually smaller (20-25').

Flowering/Pollination: Self fertile.

Tolerance: Mildly drought tolerant when older, but prefers constantly moist soils. No salt tolerance. Floods or wet feet will kill it outright.

Soil/Nutrition: Tree does well on fertile, slightly acid soils. Requires fertilization and mulching on neutral, deficient sandy soils.

Light: Full sun.

Temperature: Will withstand occasional frosts once mature (27-28 F). Trees under 5' should be protected. Slightly hardier than the mamey sapote under ideal conditions. Leaves turn a copper color when stressed by cold.

Diseases Prone: Fruit flies.

Bearing Age: 3-4 Years from graft, 7-8 years from seed. In Florida, sometimes the species tends to bear it's major crop in winter months (December - February). The cool temperatures stifle the full development of sugar in the fruits. Other types (such as TREC 32) bear in September and October, producing a much superior fruit. It takes about 8-9 months from flowering until the fruit is ripe.

Fruit: Small, 2-3" diameter fruits, acorn shaped, pale green skin with orange/salmon colored flesh. Skin begins to turns orange when ripe. Flavor is described as very similar to, and often superior than the more widely known mamey sapote. The texture is also softer, creamier.

History/Origin: Is endemic to elevations of 3000-7000 feet in Guatemala, Costa Rica, Hondouras and Panama. It is most abundant in northern Guatemala. This fruit tree is propagate worldwide, with development of superior strains now occurring in Central America, Australia, and Florida (USA).

Species Observations: The green sapote will fruit in subtropical southern Cali Sapote Verde, Injerto, Yash-tul, Pouteria Viridisfornia, while the mamey sapote will not, despite being fairly equivalent in cold tolerance overall. This is because pouteria viridis is native to higher elevations in it's natural habitat, where hot temperatures are tempered, and it is naturally subjected to regular cool temperatures and colder soils. Mamey sapote, on the other hand is a more tropical lowland species that cannot handle prolonged winter temperatures in the 40's and 50's, or cold soils.

Conversely, the green sapote can be brought to bear fruit easily in lowlands to where the mamey sapote is native, when grafted on an appropriate rootstock.

Propogation: Often grafted onto mamey sapote or canistel rootstock, both of which are more suited to production in tropical lowlands.

Recommended Varieties:

"Makawao" A Hawaiian selection from Maui, has a very fine flavor, often considered the best of the cultivated types.

"TREC 32" Is a Florida selection, best suited to Florida climates, and bears delicious fruits in late fall.

"Fairchild" is a sweet, delicious fruit. Unknown bearing period.

Container Culture: Possible, but not ideal.

Medicinal Uses: Unknown.

Nutritional Information:

Preparation / Food: Fruits are eaten fresh, or used in a manner similar to mamey sapote. Seeds are sometimes roasted and eaten.

Close-relative of the popular mamey sapote, the green sapote is slightly smaller in size, with green-yellow or brownish skin and an orange-red pulp much like its cousin. Strangely, the fruit is little known outside of Central America, even though its flavor is often described as superior to the mamey sapote.

Description: Medium to large-sized tree from 40-80ft. There is not a lot of culture information for the green sapote. Fruits take up to 9-10 months to ripen.

Hardiness: It tends to be a bit hardier than the mamey sapote, and has been grown in California.

Growing Environment: Grow in full sun. Water regularly.

Propagation: Usually by seed, but grafts can be made onto mamey sapote rootstock.

Uses: Usually eaten fresh out of hand, but the pulp is also used in making desserts and preserves. The pulp is softer than the mamey sapote. The seeds are edible and are often roasted.

Native Range: Native to Honduras, Guatemala and Costa Rica.