Perennial growing to 2m by 1m at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower from July
to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The
flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are
pollinated by Insects.
The plant requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid,
neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It
requires moist soil.
Antihalitosis; Antispasmodic; Aphrodisiac; Aromatherapy; Digestive;
Nervine; Stomachic; Vulnerary.
An emulsion made from the seed is antispasmodic and is especially
effective in the digestive system. The seeds are also chewed as a
nervine, stomachic and to sweeten the breath. They are also said to
be aphrodisiac. The seeds are valued medicinally for their diuretic,
demulcent and stomachic properties. They are also said to be
stimulant, antiseptic, cooling, tonic, carminative and aphrodisiac.
A paste of the bark is applied to cuts, wounds and sprains. The
essential oil is used in aromatherapy for the treatment of
depression and anxiety. It is also applied externally to treat
cramp, poor circulation and aching joints.Edible Parts: Leaves;
Root; Seed; Seedpod.