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Cajanus cajan Pigeon pea Gude Fabaceae


Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Fabaceae, Gude

This subshrub which has hairy twigs grows up to 1,5-3 m high (5 to 10 feet). The trifoliolate leaves are 5-15 cm long, the flowers are racemes clustered in the form of pseudopanicles. They are bright yellow sometimes stripped red. The fruit is a linear-oblong pod hosting rounded cream colored edible seeds with a dark hilum.
Widely grown in tropical areas as a crop plant, moreover in India and tropical Africa, this plant starts producing the first year, yielding a better crop the following year and then starts fading away. it is indeed a nutritious food, containing 19 to 20 % of nitrogenous matter, 62 to 64 % of carbohydrates and 1,10 to 1,12 of fat content. The tea made with its fresh leaves is used against diarrhoea and the raw seeds have an action against enuresis. This species will grow easily even in poor and dry soils.
Medical use:In India and Java, the young leaves are applied to sores. Indochinese claim that powdered leaves help expel bladderstones. Salted leaf juice is taken for jaundice. In Argentina the leaf decoction is prized for genital and other skin irritations, especially in females. Floral decoctions are used for bronchitis, coughs, and pneumonia. Chinese shops sell dried roots as an alexeritic, anthelminthic, expectorant, sedative, and vulnerary. Leaves are also used for toothache, mouthwash, sore gums, child-delivery, dysentery. Scorched seed, added to coffee, are said to alleviate headache and vertigo. Fresh seeds are said to help incontinence of urine in males, while immature fruits are believed of use in liver and kidney ailments.