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Mesua ferrea Ceylon ironwood Nagasari Clusiaceae


Mesua ferrea,  Ceylon ironwood, Clusiaceae, Nagasari

Mesua ferrea (Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnut or locally, Penaga Lilin). The plant is named after the heaviness of its timber and cultivated in tropical climates for its form, foliage, and fragrant flowers.
It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree up to 13 m tall, often buttressed at the base with a trunk up to 90 cm in diameter. It has simple, narrow, oblong, dark green leaves 7-15 cm long, with a whitish underside; the emerging young leaves are red to yellowish pink and drooping. The flowers are 4-7.5 cm diameter, with four white petals and a centre of numerous yellow stamens.
It is the National tree of Sri Lanka. The wood is very heavy, and is used for railroad ties and structural timber. Its resin is slightly poisonous.
Medical use: Resin slightly poisonous but has a wide range of medicinal applications for rheumatism, anemia, coughs, and as a heart stimulant. It has antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties and applied to wounds as a poultice.Flower buds used against dysentery; oil from seeds can be used against skin complaints. Flower as aromatic and expectorant;treats diarrhea and scable. Flower petal consumed as cosmetic, antipyretic and after Blrth remedy. Counters ezcema. and anti-HIV.