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Moringa oleifera Drumstick Tree Merunggai, Sajina Moringaceae


Moringa oleifera, Drumstick Tree, Moringaceae, merunggai, sajina

The tree itself is rather slender with drooping branches that grows to approximately 10 m in height; however, it normally is cut back annually to one meter or less, and allowed to regrow, so that pods and leaves remain within arms reach.
It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree.Almost every part of the Moringa tree can be used for food, or has some other beneficial property. In the tropics it is used as foliage for livestock.The immature green pods, called “drumsticks” are probably the most valued and widely used part of the tree. The seeds are sometimes removed from more mature pods and eaten like peas or roasted like nuts. The flowers are edible when cooked, and are said to taste like mushrooms.
The leaves are highly nutritious, being a significant source of beta-carotene, Vitamin C, protein, iron and potassium. The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. In addition to being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, its leaves are commonly dried and crushed into a powder, and used in soups and sauces.The Moringa seeds yield 38–40% edible oil (called Ben oil, from the high concentration of behenic acid contained in the oil) that can be used in cooking, cosmetics, and lubrication.
Medical use: Almost all parts of the tree, in particular the leaves and root bark, have medicinal applications (e.g. as diureticum, rubefacient, disinfectant). Root decoction used to cleanse sore and ulcers, antiscourBlc and prescribed to delirious patients.Leaves as a poultice, purgative and for gonorrhea.Bark used as a rebufacient. Leaves, root and seed as analgesic, diuretic, stimulant, lactagog, expectorant, stomachic and emmenagogue; for rheumatism. Counters ringworm and enhances milk production.