Home | Garden Plants | Herbs_and_Spices | Medical plants | Aromatic Plants | Tropical Coast Shores | Site Map | Links


Saccharum officinarum Sugar cane Tebu Gramineae

Saccharum officinarum, Sugar cane, 	Gramineae, Tebu


Saccharum officinarum, Sugar cane, 	Gramineae, Tebu

The tall stout stems on this species grow to 20 ft (6 m).
The canes are 2 in (5 cm) thick and very juicy, and bear lance-shaped leaves up to 6 ft (1.8 m) long and 2 1/2 in (6 cm) wide with rough edges.
The flower plumes are slender and arching, up to 3 ft (1 m) long.
Each individual flower spikelet is 1/8 in (3 mm) long and enveloped with long silky hairs. This grass is widely cultivated in tropical areas as the main commercial source of sugar.
Cultivation: They need full sun rich, summer-moist soil and can become invasive under suitable conditions.
They are usually propagated from cuttings.
Folk Medicine:Reported to be antidote, antiseptic, antivinous, bactericide, cardiotonic, demulcent, diuretic, intoxicant, laxative, pectoral, piscicide, refrigerant, and stomachic. It is a folk remedy for arthritis, bedsores, boils, cancer, colds, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, eyes, fever, hiccups, inflammation, laryngitis, opacity, penis, skin, sores, sore throat, spleen, tumors, and wounds . Powdered sugar is used as a 'drawing' agent for granulations and "proud flesh" . The pulped sugar cane is used to dress wounds, and the cane for splints for broken bones; the Malay women use it in childbirth. A decoction of the root of the race of 'tebu lanjong' is used for whooping cough; and the cane juice is given for catarrh. It is used in elephant medicine; the juice is used to 'make an elephant sagacious', and in a poultice for sprains . In India, the plant as well as its juices are used for abdominal tumors.