A coarse, erect, branched suffrutescent herb, the branches with
short scattered spines, most parts of the body covered with stellate-shaped
Leaves: alternate, ovate to oblong-ovate, 10 to 20 cm long,
Flowers: inflorescence lateral, usually extra axillary racemose,
often dichotomous. Flowers, many, white, about 1 cm long.
Fruits: globose, yellow, glabrous, about 1 cm in diameter.
Wash thoroughly and cut into slices before sun-drying.
Antipyretic, antirheumatic, antiphlogistic, anti-infectious,
anti-contusion, anti-inflammation and analgesic.
For stomach ache, pain caused by contusion, internal bruise on the
belly muscle - use 15 to 30 gms of dried drug. Boil to decoction and
ndigestion, gastric pain at the navel.
Rheumatism-numbness, sprain contusion, lumbar muscular pains.
Decoction used in some areas (Bukidnon) to lessen postpartum
Dosage: 15 to 30 gms dried roots in decoction, or processed into
syrup or alcoholic suspension.