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Terminalia chebula Myrobalan Amlaka Euphorbiaceae


Terminalia chebula, Myrobalan, Euphorbiaceae, Amlaka

Terminalia chebula is a plant species belonging to the genus Terminalia, family Combretaceae. It is a flowering evergreen tree called in English the Myrobalan or sometimes the Chebulic Myrobalan. In Urdu, Persian or Hindi it is also called Hardad, Haritaki or Harada respectively Inknut. This tree yields smallish, ribbed and nut-like fruits which are picked up when still green and then pickled, boiled with a little added sugar in their own syrup or used in preserves or concotions. The seed of the fruit, which has an eliptical shape, is an abrasive pit enveloped by a fleshy and firm pulp. Terminalia chebula can reach heights of 20 meters.
Medical use: The myrobalan is highly regarded as an universal panacea in the Ayur-Vedic Medicine. It is reputed to cure blindness and it is believed to inhibit the growth of the malignant tumours. It is allegedly also a powerful detox agent. Fruits have numerous medicinal properties: laxative, stomachic, tonic, and alterative and often used in combination with emblic myrobalan (Phyllanthus emblica L.) and beleric myrobalan (Terminalia bellirica (Gaertner) Roxb.); they show antibacterial and antifungal activity, and are used to cure inflamed gums and as a relief in asthma.