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Seashore and Beach Plants

Abutilon indicum

Indian Abutilon   Malvaceae

 

Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow, Abutilon indicum

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Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow, Abutilon indicum

Abutilon indicum (Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow; is a sIndian Abutilon, Indian Mallow, Abutilon indicummall shrub in the Malvaceae family, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. Medicinal Uses

In traditional medicine, A. indicum is used as a demulcent, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, pulmonary and sedative (leaves). The bark is astringent and diuretic; laxative, expectorant and demulcent (seeds); laxative and tonic, anti-inflammatory and anthelmintic (plant); analgesic (fixed oil); diuretic and for leprosy (roots).The whole plant is uprooted, dried and is powdered. In ancient days, maidens were made to consume a spoonful of this powder with a spoonful of honey, once in a day, for 6 months until the day of marriage, for safe and quick pregnancy. The leaves can also be used to treat ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea & bladder infection.

The plant is very much used in Siddha medicines. In fact, the root, bark, flowers, leaves and seeds are all used for medicinal purposes by Tamils. The leaves are used as adjunct to medicines used for pile complaints. The flowers are used to increase semen in men.

A methanol extract of A. indicum had some antimicrobial properties. A chemical compound, β-sitosterol, which has been identified as the active ingredient in many medicinal plants, is present in A. indicum and a petroleum ether extract provided larvicidal properties against the mosquito larvae Culex quinquefasciatus.

 

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