Abutilon indicum (Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow; is a small
shrub in the Malvaceae family, native to tropic and subtropical
regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.This plant is
often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on
certain tropical islands. Medicinal Uses
In traditional medicine, A. indicum is used as a demulcent,
aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, pulmonary and sedative (leaves).
The bark is astringent and diuretic; laxative, expectorant and
demulcent (seeds); laxative and tonic, anti-inflammatory and
anthelmintic (plant); analgesic (fixed oil); diuretic and for
leprosy (roots).The whole plant is uprooted, dried and is powdered.
In ancient days, maidens were made to consume a spoonful of this
powder with a spoonful of honey, once in a day, for 6 months until
the day of marriage, for safe and quick pregnancy. The leaves can
also be used to treat ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea & bladder
The plant is very much used in Siddha medicines. In fact, the
root, bark, flowers, leaves and seeds are all used for medicinal
purposes by Tamils. The leaves are used as adjunct to medicines used
for pile complaints. The flowers are used to increase semen in men.
A methanol extract of A. indicum had some antimicrobial
properties. A chemical compound, β-sitosterol, which has been
identified as the active ingredient in many medicinal plants, is
present in A. indicum and a petroleum ether extract provided
larvicidal properties against the mosquito larvae Culex