Family name: Fabaceae
A fast growing tree that grows well even on poor soil.
This tree has no leaves except when it is a seedling.
What you see are flattened leaf stalks called phyllodes, which are
green and function as leaves.
These are an adaptation to hot climates and droughts.
Flowers: Clusters, yellow, small, fragrant. Blooms at certain months
of the year.
Fruits: A pod with seeds.
The tree flowers quickly, within 1-2 years. The tiny yellow flowers
The pods are first straight or slightly curved but as they ripen,
they turn from yellow to brown and curl up, then split open. Birds
find these seeds highly attractive and eat them. Thus the plant is
very quickly dispersed.
Uses for food: Aborigines of Australia have traditionally harvested
the seeds of some acacia species
as food. These are ground into flour and eaten as a paste or baked
into a cake.The seeds can contain 25% more protein than common
cereals like rice or wheat, and their hard seed coats mean acacia
seeds also store well for long periods.Other uses: Acacias were
purposely introduced and planted in Southeast Asia and Oceania as a
source of firewood and good quality charcoal (does not smoke), as
well as timber for furniture and pulp for making paper (acacia
produces high yields of pulp