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Seashore and Beach Plants

Barringtonia racemosa Powder-puff Tree Butun darat Lecythidaceae

 

Powder-puff Tree,  Barringtonia-racemosa.

 

Barringtonia racemosa.

Barringtonia-racemosa.

Barringtonia racemosa is a tree in the family Lecythidaceae. It is commonly known as the Powder-puff Tree. It is found in coastal swamp forests and on the edges of estuaries in the Indian Ocean
Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually 4-8 m tall, but occasionally reaches 15 m. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. The branches are marked with leaf scars.
Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually 4-8 m tall, but occasionally reaches 15 m. The bark is grayish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. The branches are marked with leaf scars.
The flowers are produced on hanging racemes up to 1 m long. The buds are pinkish red and split open to bring forth masses of delicate stamens in white sprays up to 35 mm wide, which are often tinged with pink. The flowers give off a pungent, putrid yet faintly sweet odor in the morning. The fruit are quadrangular, 65 x 40 mm. Each fruit contains a single seed surrounded by spongy, fibrous flesh that provides the buoyancy that allows the fruit to be carried off with the tide.
The young leaves are edible and the bark is often used for cordage.
The seeds, bark, wood and roots contain the poison saponin and is used to stun fish. The bark, which also has a high tannin content, is frequently used in powdered form for this purpose.

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