It is also uncommon or rare, and was found in wet coastal
communities and has been recorded in mangroves, back mangroves and
along tidal rivers. From the Andaman Islands through the Malay
Peninsula to northern Sumatra, Borneo and Sulawesi. It was known as
Features: A shrub or small tree (to 8m tall). Leaves (5-7cm) with
wavy margins, arranged opposite one another. Flowers tiny (less than
1cm), in clusters. Fruit (about 1cm) with one seed, ripening yellow.
The corky berry is adapted to water dispersal.
Human uses: According to Giersen, the husk of the fruit is said
to be used to stupefy fish. It is also used as firewood.
Status and threats: This plant is listed as 'Critically
Endangered' in the Red List of threatened plants of Singapore. It is
threatened by habitat loss and oil spills.