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Seashore and Beach Plants

Xylocarpus rumphii

Nyireh Nyireh Meliaceae

 

Nyireh , Xylocarpus rumphii

 

Nyireh , Xylocarpus rumphii

Features: A tall tree (8-10m). Leaves are oval to nearly heart-shaped with prominent veins. The young fruits are small and appear in clusters. Unripe fruits are shiny green, turning brown and splitting when ripe to release 5-20 seeds. The seeds are irregularly angular. The bark is fissured and the tree doesn't have specialised roots (no buttress roots or pneumatophores). The roots clasp the boulders and rocks on the rocky shore.

Human uses: According to Giesen, among its uses are the wood for handles of traditional knives (kris) and in building boats, the bark for tanning and dyeing cloth. The seeds are used to treat stomachache.

Status and threats: The tree is listed as 'Critically Endangered' on the Red List of threatened plants of Singapore.

 

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