Features: A tall tree (8-10m). Leaves are oval to nearly
heart-shaped with prominent veins. The young fruits are small and
appear in clusters. Unripe fruits are shiny green, turning brown and
splitting when ripe to release 5-20 seeds. The seeds are irregularly
angular. The bark is fissured and the tree doesn't have specialised
roots (no buttress roots or pneumatophores). The roots clasp the
boulders and rocks on the rocky shore.
Human uses: According to Giesen, among its uses are the wood for
handles of traditional knives (kris) and in building boats, the bark
for tanning and dyeing cloth. The seeds are used to treat
Status and threats: The tree is listed as 'Critically Endangered'
on the Red List of threatened plants of Singapore.