This species is not as common as Avicennia alba.
Uses as food: Although the fruits and seeds are bitter, the
Javanese eat them after some elaborate processing. Leafy branches
are chopped off as cattle fodder, and the tree rapidly re-grows new
Other uses: The tree produces a hard, heavy timber which is hard
to saw. But it is valued for making boats, houses, and wharves; the
timber has an attractive grain which is good for making furniture.
It is also made into chipwood and is being researched as a source of
paper pulp. Tannin is extracted from the bark and roots. It also
produces a dye, and the ashes used in making soap.
Traditional medicinal uses: Fruits are plastered onto boils and
tumours (India). A poultice of unripe seeds stop inflammations, and
heal abscesses, ulcers, boils, and smallpox sores. Roots are
considered an aphrodisiac. The bark is used to treat skin problems,
especially scabies (Indochina). The cut bark oozes a rubber-like,
green, bitter resin that is mixed with bananas and taken by women as
a contraceptive that is successful and has no long term side-effects
(West Java and Sulawesi). Seed for ulcers, the resin for snakebite