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Tropical Seashores  : Mangrove

Bruguiera cylindrica Small-Fruited Orange Mangrove Bakau putih Rhizophoraceae

 

Bruguiera-cylindrica, Small-Fruited Orange Mangrove, bakau putih

 

Bruguiera cylindrica

Bruguiera-cylindrica, Small-Fruited Orange Mangrove, bakau putih

This tree grows on newly formed ground. Usually on the stiff clay that forms behind Avicennia trees. Unlike some mangroves, however, Bruguiera does not regenerate easily from branch cutting as new growth appears only from branch tips and not the trunk. The kneed pneumatophores comprise a sponge-like system of air chambers and tubes which acts as an air reservoir when the roots are submerged. The pneumatophores are covered with many lenticels which allow air but not water
This tree grows on newly formed ground. Usually on the stiff clay that forms behind Avicennia trees. Unlike some mangroves, however, Bruguiera does not regenerate easily from branch cutting as new growth appears only from branch tips and not the trunk. The kneed pneumatophores comprise a sponge-like system of air chambers and tubes which acts as an air reservoir when the roots are submerged. The pneumatophores are covered with many lenticels which allow air but not water to enter the root. The seed germinates while still on the mother tree. It forms a short stout stem, with sepals that stick out, away from the seedling.
Uses as food: Young shoots may be eaten as a vegetable or preserved after boiling. In Thailand, the root tips are eaten. The bark may be used as a cooking spice. Other uses: The timber is heavy and tough and used in construction. It is also favored as firewood and for conversion into charcoal as it produces the most heat among mangrove woods. The bark produces a strange smell that frightens fish away. In fact, essences are extracted by squeezing the pneumatophores, and used to make fragrances.
Traditional medicinal uses: The scrapped skin of the fruit is used to stop bleeding. The leaves are used to control blood pressure (India).

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