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Syzygium aromaticum

Cloves Cenkeh Myrtaceae


Syzygium aromaticum, Cloves, Cenkeh

Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum
Plant family: Myrtaceae (myrtle family)
Origin: The clove tree is endemic in the North Moluccas ( Indonesia ) and was of old cultivated on the islands of Ternate, Tidore, Bacan and the West coast of Halmahera . The Dutch extended cultivation to several other islands in the Moluccas, but only after the end of the Dutch monopoly (18 th century), clove trees were introduced to other countries.
The most important production area today is the island of Pemba near Zanzibar in Tanzania. The whole island of Pemba is covered with clove gardens, and it is reported that the island can be smelled on any ship approaching it.
Used plant part: Dried flower buds. Essential oil is also produced from the leaves (the leaves are certainly aromatic enough to make them potentially interesting). The ripe fruits (mother of clove) have only local use.
Sensoric quality: Cloves are strongly aromatic and very intensive fragrance; fiery and burning taste.
They have deep brown colour, a powerfully fragrant odour which is warm, pungent, strongly sweet and slightly astringent and a taste too hot and acrid to be pleasant.
Cloves Use : Arab traders brought cloves to Europe in the time of the Romans. At that time cloves were still very expensive.
Indonesians are the main consumers of cloves and use up nearly 50% of the world's production. But, not for cooking but for smoking. Cigarettes flavoured with cloves kretek) are extremely popular and nearly every (male) Indonesian enjoys them. Their sweet, incense-like aroma pervades Indonesian restaurants, buses, markets and offices.