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Arundo donax

Giant Reed   Gramineae

Arundo  donax, Giant Reed


Arundo  donax, Giant Reed	Giant reed, also known as wild cane, is a tall, perennial grass that can grow to over 20 feet in height.
Its fleshy, creeping rootstocks form compact masses from which tough, fibrous roots emerge that penetrate deeply into the soil. Leaves are elongate, 1-2 inches wide and a foot long.
The flowers are borne in 2-foot long, dense, plume-like panicles .
ecological treat:: Giant reed chokes riversides and stream channels, .
The long, fibrous, interconnecting root mats of giant reed form a framework for debris dams behind bridges, culverts, and other structures that lead to damage.
It ignites easily and can create intense fires.
Giant reed can float miles downstream where root and stem fragments may take root and initiate new infestations.
Cultivation: Unlike most reeds and rushes, they do not require waterlogged soil although they tolerate it well.
Any well-drained soil that does not dry out entirely will do.
They prefer full sun or light shade and may be propagated from seed or by division.
Versicolor is a popular variegated cultivar, the leaves with longitudinal cream stripes. The reeds used in musical instruments such as organs and clarinets all come from carefully selected and cured stems of the giant reed, as did the pipes of Pan.