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Casuarina equisetifolia Australian pine Cemara laut Cauarinaceae

Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian pine, Cemara laut


Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian pine, Cemara laut

Family: Casuarinaceae Common Names: Australian pine, horsetail casuarina, she-oak, horsetail tree
Australian pine is a large (100-150 ft) vase-shaped tree with wispy grey-green twigs reminiscent of pine needles. The stout trunk is covered with thick pebbly-textured brownish-grey bark. The tree is supported by a dense, spreading, fibrous root system. The male flowers are borne in slender cylindrical spikes at the twig tips. The tiny brownish-red female flowers grow in heads attached to the branchlets and are followed by 1/2 in-diameter pinecone-like fruits containing 70-90 winged tusually goes through two major blooming and fruiting cycles each year
Australian pine often grows 5-10 ft per year and has been known to reach 30 ft in two years.
Australian pine is native from Southeast Asia to northern Australia and the Pacific.They prefers sandy soils.Since this species forms symbiotic nitrogen-fixing associations with soil microbes, it can grow on nearly sterile sands.Propagation: Trees begin producing seed when they are only 3-5 years old. Mature specimens yield prodigious quantities of seed, of which 30-80 percent can be expected to germinate 4-8 days after planting. Seeds usually remain viable for only a few months.The winged seeds are usually wind-dispersed, but the "cones" float and can be transported by water.
Australian pine is extremely salt-resistant. It may also be trimmed into a hedge or dwarfed in the greenhouse as a bonsai tree. A decoction from the astringent bark has been used as a remedy for diarrhea, beri-beri, sore throat, cough, headache, toothache, sores, and swellings.