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Anacardium occidentale Cashew tree Jambu monyet Anacardiaceae

Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, Jambu monyet


Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, Jambu monyet

Flowers early in the wet season; fruits ripen later
Many parts of the cashew plant are used. The cashew "apple," the enlarged fully ripe, fruit may be eaten raw, or preserved as jam or sweetmeat.Fruits or seeds of the cashew are consumed whole, roasted, shelled and salted.Shelling the roasted fruits yields the cashew nut of commerce. Seeds yield about 45% of a pale yellow, bland, edible oil, resembling almond oil. From the shells or hulls is extracted a black, acrid, powerful vesicant oil, used as a preservative and water-proofing agent in insulating varnishes, and for termite proofing timbers. Timber is used in furniture making, boat building. Bark used in tanning. Stems exude a clear gum, Cashawa gum, used in pharmaceuticals and as substitute for gum arabic. Juice turns black on exposure to air and provides an indelible ink.
Propagation is easy from fresh seed, planted directly into the ground
A tea of leaves and bark to treat diarrhea and colic remedy for infants. The toxic seed oil as an external worm medicine to kill botfly larvae under the skin. A wine made from the fruit is used for dysentery.
The fruit is taken for syphilis and as a diuretic, stimulant, and aphrodisiac. The leaves and/or the bark is also used for eczema, psoriasis, scrofula, dyspepsia, genital problems, and venereal diseases, as well as for impotence, bronchitis, cough, intestinal colic, leishmaniasis, and syphilis-related skin disorders.