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Garcinia dulcis Rata tree Mundu Guttiferaceae

Garcinia dulcis, Rata, Mundo


Garcinia dulcis, Rata, Mundo

A medium sized tree 5-20 m high. The tree has a short trunk and brown bark with white latex. On exposure to air the latex turns pale brown. The latex in the fruit is yellow, the same as that of mangosteen. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate shaped, 10-30 cm long and 3-15 cm wide. The leaf is pale green when young and becomes dark green and shiny on the upper surface at maturity. The lower leaf surface is often hairy. The midrib is prominent with numerous veinlets arranged in parallel.Flowers are borne in the axil. They are yellowish white with a sour smell. Fruits are 5-8 cm wide The fruit is soft with a thin skin and has a light yellow colour, which turns to orange when ripe The seeds are enveloped in an edible pulp of a darker colour than the skin and have a pleasant taste. One fruit contains 1-5 brown seeds about 2.5 cm long.
Seed germination is commonly used.The fruits can be eaten fresh, but they are sour and can be made into an excellent jam. The fruits contain high phosphorous and carbohydrate
The crushed extract of this fruit is used as a relief expectorant, for coughs, and scurvy. The crushed extract from the root is used for the relief of fever, and to reduce poisoning and detoxification. The crushed extract from the bark is used for cleaning wounds In Java and Singapore pounded seeds are applied to cure swellings. In Java the bark is used to dye mats.