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Antidesma bunius Bignay Boni Euphorbiaceae 


Antidesma bunius, Bignay, Euphorbiaceae, buni	Family: Euphorbiaceae The Bignay is a medium-sized evergreen tree native to Malay-Asia.
The dark gree and glossy, alternate leaves make the tree an attractive ornamental.
The leaves usually are elliptical but are sometimes obovate and measure 4 to 6 inches in length by 2 to 3 inches in width (10-15 by 5-7 cm).
The small petalless flowers are produced on terminal or axillary inflorescences.
The flowers have an offensive odor which, however, is not noticeable a short distance from the plant.
Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees, but isolated female trees usually fruits abundantly. Limited tests have shown that
The globose or ovoid fruits are about 0.5 inches in diameter and turn a dark purplish red when mature. Each fruit contains a single seed imbedded in a juicy purple red pulp.
The acid flavored pulp is not suited for eating out of hand but can be used to make excellent jam or jelly, and a good wine.
The fruits are produced in clusters of 20 to 30, but all do not ripen at the same time.
The juice stains the fingers and cloting. The fruits are great favorites of birds, which often destroy part of the crop.
Propagation: Seeds, budding, cuttings, layering .
Medical use: Bark and leaves has alkaloid which is medicinal, but also reported to be poisonous. Bark as astringent and styptics for wounds. Leaves are acidic and diaphoretic and when young are boiled with pot-herbs to cure syphilitic afectatins.
Aerial rootlets decoction as vulnerary; leaf and fruit treats hypertension, heart ache, anemia, gonorrhea and syphilis.