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Artocarpus heterophyllus Jackfruit Nanka Moraceae

Artocarpus heterophyllus, Jackfruit, Moraceae, nanka


Artocarpus heterophyllus, Jackfruit, Moraceae, nanka
This Southeast Asian species is easily confused with its close relative the chempedak (Artocarpus integer).
Both have similar gigantic, compound fruit and leathery, unlobed leaves, but the chempedaks fruit are slightly sweeter.
The fruit may be up to 24 in (60 cm) long and weigh up to 40 lb (18 kg).
Propagation is from seed, or more commonly from root cuttings or aerial layers (marcotts), which perpetuate desirable clones.
Medical use: Jackfruit pulp and seeds- as a cooling and nutritious tonic, useful in overcoming the effects of alcohol; in South-East Asia, seed starch used to relieve biliousness while the roasted are regarded as an aphrodisiac; heated leaves placed on wounds, and the ash of the leaves burned with maize and coconut shellsused to heal ulcers; mixed with vinegar the latex promotes healing of abscesses, snakebite and glandular swellings; bark made into poultice; wood has sedative properties and its pith is said to induce abortion; root as a remedy against skin diseases and asthma, andextract for fever and diarrhoea.Charred and powdered leaves effective cicatrizant for wound due to surgical operation. Root decoction cures diarrhea and lowers fever. Milky juice when mixed with vinegar is applied on glandular swelling for it promotes the formation or discharge of pus.Wood bark used for fever, diarrhea; as expectorant and lactagogue. Against boils.