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Bixa orellana Lipstick tree Kesumba Bixaceae

Bixa orellana, Lipstick tree, Bixaceae, kesumba


Bixa orellana, Lipstick tree, Bixaceae, kesumba

This colorful tree can sometimes reach a height of 30 ft (9 m) but is more commonly seen as a spreading shrub of about 10 ft (3 m) or slightly less.
The pink and white flowers are borne throughout the year, overlapping with the clusters of bristly red fruit that persist on the branches long after they have released their seeds.
Cultivation: Propagation is best from cuttings, as seed-grown plants take longer to flower.The color is used for dying and food coloring(yellow).
Medical use: The dye contains vitamin C and is an ingredient in making soap.It has herbal applications as an astringent, as a febrifuge, as an antidysenteric and as an aphrodisiac.