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Ficus benghalensis Banyan tree Beringin Moraceae

Ficus benghalensis, Banyan tree, Moraceae, Beringin


Ficus benghalensis, Banyan tree, Moraceae, Beringin

From southern Asia, the banyan is outstanding for its aerial roots, which descend from the branches to the ground and eventually form secondary trunks.
An old tree, though reaching only about 70 ft (21 m) in height, can spread widely enough to shelter an entire village. The banyan has pale gray bark, large dark green leaves and round red figs borne in pairs.
Cultivation: Figs grow to great heights in gardens and most species have vigorous, invasive root systems.
Many make excellent container and house plants when young.
Figs prefer full sun to part-shade and humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil.
Water potted specimens sparingly.
Propagate from seed or cuttings, or by aerial layering.
Medicinal Uses and Properties: It is astringent to bowels; useful in treatment of biliousness, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, vaginal complains, fever, inflammations, leprosy. its latex is aphrodisiac, tonic, vulernary, maturant, lessens inflammations; useful in piles, nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic, useful in syphilis, biliousness, dysentery, inflammation of liver etc.