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Haematoxylum campechianu Logwood tree   Leguminosae


Haematoxylum campechianum, Logwood tree, Leguminosae

The Logwood grows throughout Central America. It led to the founding of the modern nation of Belize, which grew from British logging camps of the 17th century. It is still an important source of haematoxylin, used in histology for staining.
Piny shrub or small tree of Central America and West Indies having bipinnate leaves and racemes of small bright yellow flowers and yielding a hard brown or brownish-red heartwood used in preparing a black dye.
Medical use: Used as mild astringent and tonic, it is prescribed in the form of a decoction and liquid extract; also useful against diarrhoea, dysentery, atonic dyspepsia and leucorrhoea; ointment prepared from the wood useful against cancer and hospital gangrene; haematoxylin, its active component shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties.