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Momordica charantia Balsam pear Pare Cucurbitaceae

Momordica charantia, Balsam pear, Cucurbitaceae, Pare


Momordica charantia, Balsam pear, Cucurbitaceae, Pare

Vine, climbs by tendrils Leaves are alternate, soft and lightly hairy. Leaves are deeply lobed with five lobes. (Length about 3 cm) Yellow flowers arise from leaf axils as do tendrils. Flower has five petals, bright orange small cluters of pistils and stamen at center. (Diameter about 1.5 cm) Pods are oval tapering to a point with rows of little spikes, green turning orange as they mature. Exploded pods show bright orange peels and four red seeds. Inside is sticky. Pod length (about 2.5 cm) Stem is hairy, very hairy at terminal end.Needs full sun.
Propagate from seeds.
Medical use : Leaves in capsule form as hypoglycemic. Leaves as emmenagogue, laxative and antipyretic.Apply for burns. and inflammation, counters dermatitis. Leaf juice for cough, parasiticide, vulnerary. Juice from green fruit for colitis and bacillary dysentery. Whole plant for the treatment of diabetes, emetic, for skin diseases, sterility in women, for chronic ulcers of the stomach.